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Rfid Chip for RFID card

>> RFID Knowledge >> RFID Chip


What Does RFID Chip Mean?

A RFID chip is another term used to define a RFID tag. It is a tag, label or card that can exchange data with a reader using radio frequency (RF) signals. It usually has a built-in antenna and an integrated circuit IC. The antenna can send and receive radio waves, while the IC takes care of modulating and demodulating the radio signals, as well as processing and storing data.

Techopedia explains RFID Chip

RFID chips are quite similar to bar code labels in that they typically work with a corresponding scanner or reader. However, RFID chips have significant advantages. Because a RFID chip communicates with a reader through radio waves (not infrared, which is being used by bar code technology), the chip doesn't have to be positioned right in front of the reader. That is, line-of-sight is not needed.
Also, unlike a bar code reader/label pair, which have to be really close (about a few centimeters), some RFID reader/chip pairs can function even if they are a few meters apart. Furthermore, while a bar code label can only be read by a single reader at a time, a RFID chip can transmit data to multiple readers simultaneously.
There are different kinds of RFID chips. Some require batteries, known as active chips, while others don't (passive). Others are designed for indoor use or built for rugged, outdoor applications. The most common applications include object tracking and identification.
Chips can also differ in the kind of radio frequencies they operate on. Some communicate via Ultra High Frequency (UHF), High Frequency (HF) or Low Frequency (LF).
RFID chips can be attached just about anywhere: clothes, shoes, vehicles, containers and even plants, animals and human beings (as implants). Miniaturized chips have even been attached to insects.

Below is a summary for all rfid chips that used frequently in our daily life. You can quick learn difference from each rfid chip and choose the right one to meet your demand.
LF IC's 125 kHz. ~ 134.2 kHz. 
Maximum read range 30 cm - Special Antenna and Tags - 2 meters
IC Memory Function
EM4100 64 bits Read Only
EM4102 64 bits Read Only
EM4450 1K byte Read Write
T5557 330 bits Read Write
Hitag1 2048 bits Read Write
Hitag2 256 bits Read Write
HitagS2048 2048 Bits Read Write

HF IC's 13.56 MHz.
Maximum read range 1.5 M - Special Antenna and Tags - 3 meters

IC Memory Function ISO Standard
EM4006 64 bit Read Only
EM4034 448 bit Read Write 15693
EM4035 3.2K bit Read Write 15693
EM4135 2.4K bit Read Write 15693
Mifare1 S50 1K byte Read Write 14443A
Mifare1 S70 4K byte Read Write 14443A
Mifare Desfire 4K byte Read Write 14443A
Mifare ultralight 512 bits Read Write 14443A
I Code SLI SL2 1024 bits Read Write 15693
I Code SLI-SY 2048 bits Read Write 15693, 18000-3
I Code 1 512 bits Read Write ICODE 1
TI2048 2048 bits Read Write 15693
TI256 256 bits Read Write 15693
INSIDE 2K 2K bits Read Write 15693/14443B
SR 176 176 bits Read Write 14443B
Legicmim256 256 bits Read Write  
Legicmim1024 1024 byte Read Write  
LegicADVANT 1024 byte Read Write 15693
LegicADVANT 2048 byte Read Write 15693/14443A
JWL872 768 bits Read Write 14443A

UHF IC's 860 MHz. ~ 930 MHz.
Maximum read range 9 - 14 meters - Monza3, Monza4 & Higgs3 - 15 meters or more
IC Memory Function ISO Standard
ATA5590 1024 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
HIGGS2 192 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
HIGGS3 512 bits user Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
UCODE HSL  2048 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
UCODE EPCGEN2 512 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
UCODE G2XM 512 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
UCODE G2XL 512 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
MONZA 192 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
MONZA/ID 192 bits+64 UID Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
MONACO/64 256 bits  Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
MONZA3 192 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
MONZA4D 32 bits user Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
MONZA4E 128 bits user Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
MONZA4U 512 bits user Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
MONZA4QT 512 bits user Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
TI Gen 2 192 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
XRA GEN2 432 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
XRA00 128 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6B
V740 96 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6B
V750 96 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
SL-EPC 96 ~ 256 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C
Rafsec 96 ~ 244 bits Read Write ISO 18000 - 6C

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        Applications of RFID Cards are distributed in identification, access control, supply chain, inventory tracking, vehicle fees, security, producing control, and asset management, especially on pets. Passive RFID Card can operate in the low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF) and ultra-high frequency (UHF) radio bands. These three frequencies are ok for us. RFID Cards have adequate security. Because RFID carries the electronic information, and the content of data vias a password to protect, so that its contents can not easily be forged and altered. We have invested in the latest printing techniques for RFID Cards to meet our customers' expectations of quality, flexibility and speed of service, and offer the full range of in-house print solutions from design to mailing and fulfillment.