RFID Card inquiry
Smart Contactless Card
bg pic Home      About Us       Products      Application      News      FAQ      Contact Us bg pic
 
RFID Card
- LF 125KHz Card
- HF 13.56Mhz Card
- UHF 860-960Mhz Card
- Rewritbale Surface Card
- RFID Wood Card
- Cashless Payment Systems
- RFID Blocking Cards
RFID Tag
- RFID Keyfob
- RFID Wristbands
- Animal Tag
- RFID Epoxy Keyfob
- Laundry Tag
- Anti-Metal Label
- RFID Tire Tag
- RFID Coin Tag/Disc Tag
- RFID Label With Adhesive
- Self Destructible Label
- RFID Jewelry Label
- UHF Washable Label
- Fragil Anti-tamper Label
- Fabric Laundry Tag
- Polyimide Inlay Tag
- RFID PCB Tag
- FPC RFID Inlay
- Cartoon RFID Tag
- RFID Security Seals
- Brick Tag (Wedge Tag)
- Flexible RFID Tag
- Mifare Metal Tag
UHF Metal Tag
- Flexible UHF Metal Label
- High temperature Metal Tag
- FR4 UHF Metal Tag
- Mini UHF Metal Tag
- UHF Ceramic Tag
- Long Distance UHF Metal Tag
Smart Card
- Contact IC Card
- Java Card/JCOP Card
- EMTG97-3 Card
RFID Inlay
- RFID Prelam Sheet
- Large Format RFID Inlay
- HF Inlay & Antenna
- UHF Inlay & Antenna
NFC Tag
- NFC Smart Ring
RFID Reader
- OPD01 Desktop RFID Reader
- OPD02 Desktop RFID Reader
- OPD03 Desktop RFID Reader
- OPD04 Desktop RFID Reader
- OPD06 Desktop RFID Reader
- OPD07 Desktop RFID Reader
- ISO14443A Reader/Writer
- ISO15693 Reader/Writer
- ACR122U NFC Reader
- ACR38 Smart Card Reader
- OPP9918 Handheld Reader
- OPX10 Handheld Reader
- OPP101 UHF Fixed Reader
- OP401 UHF Fixed Reader
- OP801 UHF Fixed Reader
- OP1601 UHF Fixed Reader
- Industrial Tablet PC
- Industrial PDA OP9908
- 8dpi UHF RFID Reader
- 12dbi UHF RFID Reader
Plastic Card
Cleaning Card
NXP Product Overview
 
>> Smart Cards >> Contactless & Contact Smart Cards >> RFID Smart Contactless Card



RFID Smart Contactless Card

What is Smart Contactless Card?

A contactless smart card is a contactless 13.56-MHz credential whose dimensions are credit-card size. Its embedded integrated circuits can store and sometimes process data and communicate with a terminal via radio waves. There are two broad categories of contactless smart cards. Memory cards contain non-volatile memory storage components, and perhaps some specific security logic. Contactless smart cards do contain read-only RFID called CSN (Card Serial Number) or UID, and a re-writeable smart card microchip that can be transcribed via radio waves.

How do Contactless Smart Cards Work?

Contactless smart card systems are closely related to contact smart card systems. Like contact smart card systems, information is stored on a chip embedded within the contactless smart card. However, unlike the contact smart card, the power supplied to the card as well as the data exchanged between the card and the reader are achieved without the use of contacts, using magnetic or electromagnetic fields to both power the card as well as to exchange data with the reader.
The contactless smart card contains an antenna embedded within the plastic body of the card (or within a key fob, watch or other document). When the card is brought into the electromagnetic field of the reader, the chip in the card is powered on. Once the chip is powered on, a wireless communication protocol is initiated and established between the card and the reader for data transfer.
The following four functions describe at a high level the sequence of events that happen when a contactless smart card is brought near a card reader:
1) Energy transfer to the card for powering the integrated circuit (chip)
2) Clock signal transfer
3) Data transfer to the contactless smart card
4) Data transfer from the contactless smart card
Hence, once the card is brought within range of an electromagnetic field of the required frequency, the card will be powered up, ready to communicate with the reader. Since the contactless smart cards described in this FAQ are based on the ISO/IEC 14443 standard, this frequency is 13.56 MHz and a reader that complies with the standard would have an activation field (range) of about 4 inches (approximately 10 centimeters). In other words, the card needs to be within 10 centimeters of a reader for it to be effectively powered; however, the effective range for communications for the card to be read will depend on a number of factors like the power of the reader, the antenna of the reader and the antenna of the card.

Is Contactless Smart Card Technology the Same As RFID Technology?

No. There is significant confusion in discussions of RF-enabled applications, with contactless smart card technology often incorrectly categorized as 'RFID'. There is a wide range of RF technologies used for a variety of applications – each with different operational parameters, frequencies, read ranges and capabilities to support security and privacy features. For example, the RFID technologies that are used to add value in manufacturing, shipping and object-related tracking operate over long ranges (e.g., 25 feet), were designed for that purpose alone and have minimal built-in support for security and privacy. Contactless smart cards, on the other hand, use RF technology, but, by design, operate at a short range (less than 4 inches) and can support the equivalent security capabilities of a contact smart card chip.



Tags : Contactless card, Smart cards, Smart card, What is smart card?

* Any question or inquiry about RFID card and RFID related products, please send email to info@oprfid.com, we will reply you within 24 hours, thanks

 
        Copyright | Privacy Statement | RFID Solution | RFID Knowledge | Sitemap
German Spanish French Greek Italia Japanese Dutch Polish Portuguese Russian English facebook blogger linkedin twitter
        OPRFID Technologies is one of the leading industrial RFID tag manufacturers and suppliers in china. We have a full set of advanced equipments and an edperienced technical R&D team. We possess the management skills of technology, production, quality and equipments and have good service capabilities. We've been maintaining the principle of "independent research and development, independent innovation and independent production" to offer customization service and practiacal RFID solutions for customers from domestic and abroad. Meanwhile, Oprfid has been certified to ISO9001 and ISO14001 standards. All of our products have passed RoHS, Reach, CE and ATEX Certifications.